Madhwa Philosophy, also known as Dvaita Vedanta, is a school of thought within Hinduism that was founded by Sriman Madhwacharya in the 13th century. It is based on the principles of duality, emphasizing the distinction and separate existence of individual souls and the supreme reality, God.
According to Madhwa philosophy, each individual soul (Jiva) is unique and separate from God. We, as individuals, have our own identities and consciousness. The individual souls are eternal and distinct entities, separate from one another and from God.
In contrast, Lord Vishnu, is the supreme reality and the ultimate source of all existence. God is infinite, all-knowing, and possesses supreme qualities and attributes. God is the creator, sustainer, and controller of the universe.
The relationship between the individual souls and God is one of devotion, love, and surrender. By developing a loving relationship with God and offering sincere devotion, one can attain spiritual growth and liberation from the cycle of birth and death.
In Sriman Madhwacharya's philosophy, the concept of hierarchy is viewed within the framework of the eternal and inherent differences that exist between beings and entities.
According to Sriman Madhwacharya, the supreme reality is Lord Vishnu or Narayana, who holds the highest position in the hierarchy. Below Lord Vishnu, there are various entities within the hierarchy, each with its own place and purpose.
This hierarchical structure acknowledges the differences in the nature and capabilities of these entities. For example, the individual souls (Jivas) are positioned lower in the hierarchy compared to Lord Vishnu. The Jivas are considered dependent beings, forever reliant on the grace and guidance of the divine.
Madhwa philosophy emphasizes the importance of recognizing and respecting this hierarchical order. It provides a proper understanding of the hierarchical differences between Jiva & Paramatma (Supreme Lord), Jiva & Jiva, Jiva & Jada (Matter), Jada & Jada and Jada and Paramatma. However, it's important to note that the hierarchical structure within Madhwa philosophy does not promote inequality or discrimination among human beings.
The Madhwa Philosophy also teaches the following:
Ultimately, Madhwa philosophy encourages individuals to understand and respect the inherent hierarchical structure of the cosmic order, while also recognizing the inherent value and potential for spiritual growth in every individual soul. It is through devotion, self-realization, and understanding of one's true nature that one can transcend the limitations of the hierarchical framework and attain spiritual liberation.
The true meaning and beauty of the Madhwa Philosophy can be understood only when it is learnt properly under the guidance of a Guru.